Daniel Kinney, U. Va.    
Revisioning Ovid:
Alternative Versions
of Ovid's Reception
in Image and Text

Variation Thematics, or How Else to Illustrate Ovid

Special thanks to Bradley Daigle and the generous assistance
of U.Va. Special Collections


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Starting-Points and Preambles



Ovidii Metamorphoseon Libri XV (Venice, Ioannes Gryphius, 1591 [15 woodcuts apparently first in Gryphius' edition of 1561 (different cuts in a Gryphius edition of 1556*); cf. Henkel 84-85])
Title-Page  1 Creation  2 The Palace of the Sun  3 Cadmus' Landing (Boeotia)  4 Minyades Sisters  5 Perseus' Wedding Disrupted  6 Arachne at Weaving  7 Bullfighter Jason  8 Scylla Sizing Up Minos  9 Hercules and Achelous 10 Orpheus in Concert 11 Orpheus and the Bacchantes 12 Iphigenia at Aulis 13 The Arms of Achilles 14 Circe Sizing Up Glaucus 15 Numa Crowned King

Defining Encounters



[Petrus Berchorius,] Ovidius Moralisatus,* anon. French adaptation (Bruges, 1484)  (Paris, 1498?; cf. Caxton, ca. 1480)

Les Métamorphoses d'Ovide, tr. l'Abbé Banier (Amsterdam - Paris, 1732/1757/87)

Les Métamorphoses ... d'après B. Picart, tr. l'Abbé Banier (Paris, 1799)

Les Métamorphoses d'Ovide, choix de seize fables, illus. Jean A. Mercier, tr. l'Abbé Banier [Paris, 1946]

Metamorphoses (Garth translation), illus. Hans Erni (Verona, 1958*; compare some of Picasso's designs* [complete at U.Va., but offline] for a Metamorphoses first published in 1931)
1 Jupiter, Io and Juno  2 Calisto and Jupiter  3 The Death of Actaeon  4 Pyramus and Thisbe  5 Alpheus and Arethusa  6 Leda and the Swan  7 Cephalus and Procris  8 Theseus and the Minotaur  9 Nessus and Deianira 10 Pygmalion and the Statue 11 The Death of Orpheus 12 Achilles and Cygnus 13 Polyphemus 14 Scylla 15 The Death of Hippolytus

Alternative Cycles




Salomon and successors (1557 - 1591)  Tempesta and Baur (1585 - 1641)  Goltzius and de Passe (1589 - 1615)

Ovide Moralisé* -- MS. Lyon 742 (14th c.)

Ovidius Moralisatus,* French adaptation -- BN Richelieu MS. Français 137 (15th c.)

Ovidio Metamorphoseos Volgare,* Italian adaptation (Venice, 1497/1501)

Metamorphoseon,* Latin edition (Tusculum, 1526)  (Venice, 1540)

Metamorphosis,* tr. Georg Wickram (Mainz, 1445/1551)

Trois premier livres de la Métamorphose d'Ovide,* ill. P. Eskrich, tr. C. Marot (Lyon, 1555)

Lodovico Dolce, Le Trasformationi* (Venice, 1553/1558/1561)

Nicholas Renouard, Les Métamorphoses d'Ovide, Traduites en Prose Françoise ..., ill. Jean Mathieu (Paris, 1619/1637)

Peter Paul Rubens, 63 mythological tableaux, mainly from Ovid (Torre de la Parada [dispersed], 1636-37)*

Mercury and Argus (1/19)  Diana and Callisto (2/6a)  The Rape of Proserpina (5/6)  The Banquet of Tereus (6/8)  The Rape of Hippodameia (12/5)

Michel de Marolles, Le temple des Muses, illus. Diepenbeeck et al. (several versions, Paris and Amsterdam, 1655-1769)

Jean Lepautre, architectural-mythological prints (Paris, ca. 1660 [cf. Henkel 131-36])

Isaac de Benserade, Métamorphoses en rondeaux,* illus. Le Clerc, Chauveau, and Le Brun (Paris, 1676; reeng. Krauss, 1690, Van Hagen, 1697, Ertinger, 1697, anon., 1698)

Métamorphoses d'Ovide en Latin et Francais,* tr. P. Du Ryer (Brussels, 1677; repr. Amsterdam, 1702)

P. Ovidii Nasonis Metamorphosis, illus. J. J. von Sandrart and Christian Engelbrecht, Bks I-VII, Nürnberg, 1698

Jean Dassier, 60 medals, originally struck as game-counters for ombre, illustrating Metamorphoses Books I-IV (Geneva, 1717)*

H. A. Chatelain (?), Carte pour Conduire à L'Intelligence de la Fable† (Amsterdam, ca. 1720?)
 †With a title suggesting a map or a chart (compare Chatelain's 1720 map-titles "Carte pour Conduire à L'Intelligence de l'histoire sacrée" and "Nouvelle Carte Pour Conduire à l'Astronomie et a la Geographie et Pour Faire Conoitre Les Differens Sistemes du Monde, Avec Diverses Observations"), this looks more like a catchpenny-print or an uncut assemblage of all-star Olympian trading-cards (52 of the 60 required if one used them as counters in ombre, but see the sheet's layout), perhaps like the cards used to teach Louix XIV his mythology at Richelieu's behest (Seznec 321 n. 125).

Ovid's Metamorphoses (Garth tr.), illus. B. Picart (Amsterdam, 1732)

Anon.? Les Traits de l'histoire universelle, sacrée et profane ... L'histoire poëtique, 3rd ed. (Paris, 1761)

Les Métamorphoses d'Ovide gravées sur les desseins des meilleurs peintres français, eng. Le Mire et Basan (Paris, 1770, reengr. 1800/02/08)

Les Métamorphoses ... avec figures, tr. l'Abbé Banier, also issued as Figures des Métamorphoses d'Ovide (Paris, 1787)

Anon., Les Métamorphoses ... d'après ... Le Clerc, 2 vols. (Paris, 1801)

Anon., Choix des métamorphoses,* ill. Huet l'aîné (Paris, 1801)

Villenave, tr., Les Métamorphoses d'Ovide ... ornée[s] de gravures d'après les dessins de ... Lebarbier [et al.] (1806-07)

Metamorphoseon Libri XV Cum Appositis Italico Carmine Interpretationibus (Florence, 1824/32)

Nathan C. Brooks, ed., The Metamorphoses of Publius Ovidius Naso[, Books I-IV] (New York, 1844/1860)

See also Poussin and the carved gems and "Tassies" included in the Oxford Beazley Archive.

Frontispiece as Conspectus



Ovidii Metamorphoseon Libri XV, ed. Thomas Farnaby (Amsterdam, 1671)

Ovid's Metamorphoses / Les Métamorphoses d'Ovide, illus. Picart / Philips (both Amsterdam, 1732)

Ovidii Opera Quae Supersunt, ed. Johann G. Walch (Leipzig, 1739)

Cf. also "Synoptic Tableaux" and Poussin's 1631 "Empire of Flora," now online with Poussin's single scenes out of Ovid at French site Utpictura18.

Synoptic Tableaux



Le Metamorfosi, tr. A. dell' Anguillara, illus. Giacomo Franco† (Venice, B. Giunti, 1584 [cf. Henkel 96-99])

Frontispiece  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10  11  12 13 14 15
  †Reengraved several times, perhaps best by Matthaeus Merian for Ludwig Gottfried, P. Ovidii Nasonis Metamorphoseon ... Historica Moralis Naturalis Ekphrasis (Frankfurt, 1619 [cf. Moss [1998] 209-29]; special thanks to Michael Holland and Kurt Kopp of the University of Missouri, Columbia, for supplying the Book XV plate which is missing in our copy of this Frankfurt text):
Frontispiece  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10 11 12 13 14 15

George Sandys, Ovid's Metamorphosis, illus. Savery-Clein† (London, 1632 [cf. Henkel 99-100])

Frontispiece  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10 11 12 13 14 15
  †Reengraved for Thomas Farnaby's 1637 edition and for later editions including the 1693 ed. of Du RyerDu Ryer's rendering and vol. 2 of the Opera Omnia, ed. B. Cnipping (Amsterdam, Waesberg et al., 1702):
Frontispiece  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Vol. 3 title-page: Ovid begging Augustus to return him from exile

Samuel Garth et al., trs., Ovid's Metamorphoses, 1st ed. (London, 1717)†

Frontispiece  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10 11 12 13 14 [Pomona and Vertumnus15
  †Reengraved, not especially well, in a much smaller format for later eds. including the 5th (London, 1751):
Frontispiece  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10 11 12 13 14 [Pomona and Vertumnus15

More Faces of Ovid:
Ovidian "Portraits"

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